1st Newsletter Oct 2009 LdV
The droughts dont`t must to be considerated like "unusual" events and all the countries should be prepared for get them. But in the last decades,there has been a greater of deterioration of natural resources which, had created the conditions for increased the vulnerability of the population to natural phenomena as droughts. Warmer temperatures could also increase the probabilities of drought. A big evaporation during the summer and autumn could increase drought conditions and the risk of destructive fires.
We should analyze how impacts activity industrial, the agriculture, the modify of many landforms, causing drought and damage to ecosystems. Nowadays the industry uses 22 % of water consumed in the world: we must do a comparative between rich and poor countries. And complemented global areas developing drought, provocated by increased of global warming and human activity. Which are the most important consequences of the drought?; loss of drinking water and agricultural production, shortage of food and poor sanitation-related illnesses.
2nd Newsletter Nov 2009 LdV
The first thing we investigated were the data needed to distinguish between areas affected by drought and arid areas. It has poor economic, social and environmental consequences and we also learnt that drought doesn't usually directly affect people, but rather reduces the quantity of food production, that affects societies. We are currently determining areas which actually are and which could be at risk of being affected by a drought and how could we prevent and avoid further affects in the future.