Comenius:Solutions - Political aspects/Spain/Group 2

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Solutions to the effects of global warming on water management from a political point of view...proposed by

Es.gif Group 2

Group 2 is conformed by: María Dolores: Laura, Mónica, Sonia



Copenhague

What is the summit of Copenhagen?

Leaders of the world tried to reach an agreement to reduce the gas discharges that are producing drastic changes in the climate of the planet. The goal was to prepare objectives to replace those of the Protocol of Kioto.

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Problems

  1. The reduction of the carbon emissions of the developed countries
  2. To promote the economic growth without harming the environment. Most of the climatic change is fed by the demand of the rich countries
  3. The western world would have to help the poor countries to prepare for the consequences of the change climátic. The problem is that the developed countries do not want to finance this plan.



Final agreement

The agreement reached between EE.UU., China and other 27 countries was not accepted in the Convention because some countries like Cuba, Bolivia and Nicaragua rejected it. The reached pact will not be official because the Convention of Climatic Change works by consensus and the opposition of a single country prevents the adoption in the agreement

--Sonia 12:47, 26 January 2010 (UTC)

Proposal 3

ITS ACTION TIME . SOLUTIONS FOR WATER CORRUPTION

The conditions of corruption in water persist because their greatest impact falls on those with less chance of reaction. Disproportionately affect women, the poor and those without any chance to hear his voice, and future generations environment. However, as evidenced by the Global Corruption Report, corruption act in the water sector is both timely and feasible. The report's main recommendations include:

-Ensure fair competition and accountable implementation of projects water: all actors have a role to play. The contract should include anticorruption measures. Governments and contractors can reach agreements for fair adjudication of public contracts.

-Strengthening the regulatory control: The government and the public sector continues to play the role more important in water management and must carry out a regulatory environment as both water and sanitation, agriculture or energy.

-Make transparency and participation fundamental principles in all aspects of water governance: Thepublic inspection of projects and access to databases and reports on recruitment performance and participation in governance water, has to be adopted globally.----------

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--Mónica 13:05, 26 January 2010 (UTC)


What the government should take measures to mitigate the consequences of the problem of lack of water? Ensure the efficient management of watersheds. Ensure for example that the upper parts of watersheds, where water is generated, are adequately protected by insurance policies of water resources. Protecting our lakes and ponds. Conduct a proper afforestation. We also have to learn to use water properly, responsibly, so that no waste. People who use water should also be aware that we must adopt a more responsible management of water resources.

--Laura 12:33, 2 February 2010 (UTC)


Where does radioactive waste come from?

During energy productions in nuclear power plants radioactive waste is produced.When a nuclear power plant is closed a lot of radioactive material has to be taken care of. These residues account for about 95% of total radioactive waste. In non-power applications. From the use of radioactive isotopes in three types of activities: research, medicine and industry. The volume of radioactive waste they generate is less than 10% of total.

The storage of nuclear waste:

Radioactive waste must be well separated from the human environment and appropriate barriers must prevent their return forever, and contamination risk in case of leakage must be close to zero. This process is called confinement. In the future, technologies must be developed that eliminate or reduce the radio toxicity of this waste. Until then underground storage of radioactive waste is permited, that is until final confinement. The danger to avoid is that rainwater or groundwater comes into contact with radioactive waste, and then dissolve some of the radionuclide and transport them to the human environment, with consequent risks this might entail.

1.The prevention of waste generation through the promotion of clean technologies and processes that produce little waste and the production of environmentally satisfactory and reusable.

2.The promotion of recovery, including the return and reuse of waste as raw materials.

3.Improving the disposal of waste through environmental control measures more stringent European level, particularly in the form of laws.

4.The intensification of the provisions on transport of dangerous substances.

5.The consolidation of contaminated areas.


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--María Dolores 12:57, 2 February 2010 (UTC)


'Environmental Policies'

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The Ministry of Environment and the UNESCO Center in Melilla signed a collaboration agreement that focuses on the dissemination of knowledge and values related to the environment. The counselor said Gavilan are five objectives of the Convention: contribute to protecting natural heritage Melilla, disseminate UNESCO conventions and programs on environment and sustainability among the population and institutions Melilla, promote training and information activities in environmental education and sustainability in populations of different sectors of society and environment melillense next Moroccan, participate in national and international actions related to environmental awareness and sustainability, and develop the monitoring of Local Agenda 21 Melilla.

The Minister for the Environment, Ramon Gavilan and President of the UNESCO Center of Melilla, Juan Antonio Vera Casares, signed yesterday by signing a specific agreement on cooperation in disseminating environmental knowledge and values, they hope "is not the last."

Characterized by the following objectives:

• Generalize statewide action lines, defining a minimum common framework in which, as detailed development, the scope and measures established at regional level.

• Increase the development of research programs and foster a wider knowledge of new techniques and implement environmental education campaigns and public awareness.

• Pursuing the conflict in the balance between progress in the quality of urban life and pollution, are not conflicting objectives because pollution is not core to achieve balanced economic growth and this in turn should contribute to environmental improvement.

• Insist on the analysis of the urban system and its problems to get to the root of solving environmental problems.

• Deepen the principle taken at European level of the "polluter pays" principle, development and criminalizing environmental crimes.


Mónica 09:00, 12 February 2010 (UTC)

Social Policies

At its inception, social policy 'Anglo' is basically concerned with all those poor elderly, homeless, sick, etc.. Social policy 'America', by contrast, became interested in the conditions of the working class identified with labor policy: the prohibition of minors, reducing working hours, fair wages, job security, etc. Over time, social policies have been transforming and expanding its scope not only to the most needy strata of the population, but most of the individuals composing a society. Related to the provision of social services, social policies are part of the welfare state, its institutional representation, and cover a wide range of social programs like health policy, social security, housing, education or leisure. Today his goal is to seek the welfare and improvement of material living conditions of the population.

Health policies

Legislation, regulations and standards that govern the range of services provided to individuals for their physical, psychological and social well-being, in a variety of settings including community, home-based, school and work settings, general hospitals, speciality hospitals, clinics, and residential and non-residential care facilities, such as policies and standards that determine eligibility for services, provision of devices, assistive technology or other adapted equipment, and legislation such as health acts that govern features of a health system such as accessibility, universality, portability, public funding and comprehensiveness.


EFFICIENT USE OF WATER RESOURCES


Do you know how much water is consumed when you eat a steak??

Its Surprisingly the water used to produce meat. 30 Litres of water is what has been spent on water to make you eat your steak. Because the cow has to drink water, and its not sustainable to produce meat.


USE OF WATER LEVEL OF SPAIN


"The 70% is devoted to agriculture and livestock "The 22% is used in industry "The 8% is consumed doestico (50% are lost in windows of the line)


FUTURE WATER AVAILABILITY

"If the current trend continues, in 2025 1.5 milion people will not have the volume enough water to live.


So next time you eat a steak also think the amount of water used, and help us find solutions ...


--Mónica 22:26, 24 February 2010 (UTC)


Geographical aspects


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Economical aspects


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Social aspects


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Political aspects


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