Fossil power 2014

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Comment on group work

I don't understand the slide about the effect on the environment. You should change this. There is no information about the advantages of fossil fuels. There is no information about if it is used in Spain or in the Netherlands. There is no conclusion. In my opinion you should only have one slide about the formation of fossil fuels.

Anna

Fossil Power

Introduccion

We think that the Fossil Power is not the best but is very effective because so much electricity can be genereted using only coal, oil and natural gas, but the main disadvantage of fossil fuels is the pollution.

All the machines of modern life require energy to make them run. About 90 percent of that energy comes from burning fossil fuels. Fossil fuels include petroleum (oil), coal, and natural gas. These materials are called fossil fuels because, like fossils, they are the remains of organisms that lived long ago. Organisms are plants, animals, and other living things.

  • Fossil fuel is a source of non-renewable energy.
  • Fossil fuel is a general term for buried combustible geologic deposits of organic materials, formed from decayed plants and animals that have been converted to crude oil, coal, natural gas, or heavy oils by exposure to heat and pressure in the earth's crust over hundreds of millions of years.
  • Fossil fuels are the largest greenhouse gas emitters in the world, contributing 3/4 of all carbon, methane and other greenhouse gas emissions.

Presentation: -Opinion -Fossil fuels -Non-renewable energy -term for buried combustible -largest greenhouse

Fossil-fuels-gif.gif

Comment of Ms. Doolaard

You did not describe how it works; you just gave some general information. The picture is irrelevant.

Antoniya

Coal, gas and oil in The Netherlands

  • Gas: In the Netherlands there are more than 450 gas fields, the Groningen gas field is by far the largest. (Source: Netherlands Oil and gasportal)

Neth1.jpg

  • Oil: There is not much oil in the Netherlands. (Source: Netherlands Oil and gasportal)
  • Coal: In 1965, the Dutch government announced the complete termination of coal mining. Since the 16th century there was a lot of coal mining near Limburg. (Source: Wikipedia)

Kaartlimburgsemijnen5.jpg (Source: [1])

Comment by Ms. Doolaard

This information is correct. But are fossil fuels used in the Netherlands to produce electricity?

Blanca

Fossil power:

Fossil fuels are non-renewable energy that were formed more than 300 million years ago. They are made of plants and animals matter.


Advantages

  • So much electricity can be generated using coal. So that is great.
  • The transportation of oil and gas to the power stations is very easy.
  • A fossil power station can be built almost anywhere.


Disadvantages

  • The main disadvantage of fossil fuels is pollution.

When we burn any fossil fuel produces carbon dioxide. So that is bad for our planet.

Presentation: -Fossil fuels -Advantages -Disadvantages

Comment by Ms. Doolaard

Why is the emission of carbon dioxide a problem?

Jette

My part:

What is the effect on the enviroment of fossil power:

* How can we improve this horrible effects? :
  • We can start using renewable energy, this is wind, solar etc. This is also good because when everybody starts using this they will decrease the threat when the fossil power runs out.

Renewable-non-renewable-energy-sources-image.gif.png

Advantages

  • So much electricity can be generated using coal. So that is great.
  • The transportation of oil and gas to the power stations is very easy.
  • A fossil power station can be built almost anywhere.

Comment by Ms. Doolaard

I do not understand why it produces more carbon dioxide than burning oil or gas. oil and gas are fossil fuels... Factories cannot make fossil fuels. The production of other gases is already reduced to a very small amount. According to me the main problem is the production of carbon dioxide and the fact that we are running out of fossil fuels (you didn´t mention this). What are the advantages?

Vivan

Where can you found fossil fuels?

  • Fossil fuels is found over time in sand, sedimant and in rock buried these are the organic matter.
  • These materials formed large quantities of fuels.
  • You can found fossil fuels all over the world.

Where can you find coal?

  • Coal is found underneath the ground.
  • The energy in coal comes from the energy by plants that lived million years ago, when the earth was partly covered with swampy forests.
  • Coal is found and produced in the United States.

COALFORMATION.gif

  • There are two ways to remove coal.
  • Surface mining:
*It is less expensive than underground mining. 
*It can be used when the coal is buried fewer than 200 feet underground.
*The large machines remove the top soil and layers of rock to expose the coal. 
*When it is finished the dirt and rock are returned to the pit. The soil is replaced, and the area is replanted.
  • Underground mining:
 *Is used when the coal is buried several hundred feet below the surface.
 *Miners use elevators to go deep in the ground to run machines to dig out the coal that is in the ground.

Mining-cross-section.jpg

Where can you find gas ?

  • Most of the natural gas in found in the United States and is produced in the United States. Some is imported from Canada and shipped to America in pipelines.


Where can you find oil?

  • The five top countries that are producing crude oil are Russia, Saudi Arabia, the United States, China and Iran. Many countries also produce crude oil including the continent of Africa and Asia. Also the countries Brazil, Mexico, Canada and Norway.
  • Oil is transported by pipelines.


How oil/gas is formed.

  • Million of years ago, the plants and animals lived in the ocean died and build up a layer at the bodem of the ocean.
  • Over time the sand and silt has turned into rock, covered the organic material, and trapped it beneath the rock.
  • Pressure and heat changed some of this organic material into coal, some into oil and some into natural gas.
  • The oil platform in the ocean drill down through layers of sand, silt and rock to reach the rock formations that contain oil and gas deposits

OILGASFORMATION.gif


Sources:

Fossil fuels

Coal

Oil/gas

Oil

Comment by Ms. Doolaard

The text about mining is irrelevant.



How does fossil power work.jpg

how does fossil power work
  • coal or oil is burned to produce heat
  • the heat converts water into steam
  • the steam is used to drive a turbine, within the turbine is a wire, surrounded by electromagnets
  • this generates electricity


what is a turbine?
  • A steam turbine generator is a device that uses steam to rotate a turbine generator to produce electricity.
  • Steam turbines use water that is heated to extremely high temperatures and converted into steam to rotate the blades of a turbine, in order to create mechanical or rotational energy. This rotational energy caused by the high pressured steam turbine is used to generate electricity in an attached generator. Steam turbine generators require an outside fuel source to heat water into the steam needed for electric production.
sources

how does fossil power work

fossil power

steam turbine

summary
  • burn fuel
  • heat water to make steam
  • steam turns turbines
  • turbines turn generators
  • the generators produce electrical power

coal or oil is burned to produce heat

Comment by Ms. Doolaard

The text about what a turbine is, is too detailed; you can leave that out. It is enough to mention that the generator produces electricity when it turns round. The summary is not necessary.

Nouska

fossil power:

where does fossil power come from?

  • Fossil power comes from fossil fuels which are found within the rocks of continents, islands, and below ocean and sea beds all over the earth. It is believed that this non-renewable form of energy was formed millions of years ago from geological processes that acted on dead animals and plants. there are a loads of diffrent types of fossil fuels for example: coal, oil, natral gases, wood, biomass and nuclear.

How are they to be found?

coal

  • They are made up of layers of earth which for example, most of our coal was formed about 300 million years ago, when most of the earth was covered by steamy swamps. As plants and trees died, their remains sank to the bottom of the swampy areas, and after a while layers are formed and eventually forming a soggy, dense material called peat.

natural gases and oil

  • We now know how coal is made but what about oil and natural gas? oil is formed in the sea, as the microscopic plants and animals live in the sea and they absorbed energy from the sun, which was stored as a carbon molecules in their bodies. then they die and fall to the sea bed. usually, when a mining operation locates a place for oil , it will also have found a source for natural gas. These two types of fossil fuels are usally found together, making it easyer to harvest. meaning it is also created in the smae way.


Comment by Ms. Doolaard

This is correct.